With the advancement in technology, people today are witnessing various mindboggling inventions. One of them is IoT. Coined in the year 1999 during P&G presentation, IoT stands for Internet of Things. Examples of IoT devices can be seen everywhere today. The smartphones that are being controlled by computer systems are the perfect example of IoT device. Candidates who aspire to enter this revolutionary industry can join the best IoT training in Delhi.
IoT is a system that makes full use of various technologies, like sensing, networking, big data, and artificial intelligence and helps a device to work efficiently. Today almost all the sectors are making full use of this advanced automation and analytics system as it provides better control, performance, and transparency to the device. IoT is embedded inside the devices and with the help of internet it collects and exchange data and in this process, it starts to learn the functions to further perform it on their own. The best examples of learning devices can be refrigerator and air conditioners that learn from the outside environment and adjust their temperature accordingly. If we break down the term IoT, “things” in it refers to any device with built-in-sensors and the ability to collect and transfer data over a network or internet without human intervention.
IoT is a platform that makes the objects intelligent and smart. Today even a light bulb can change its color by utilizing voice recognition technology. IoT brings about the next industrial revolution. .
Mentioned below are some of the main features of IoT that makes it the most desired and used technology of the 21st century:
- Active Engagement
- Small Devices
The advantages of IoT span across every area of lifestyle and business. Here is a list of some of the advantages that IoT has to offer −
- Machine-to-machine communication: IoT provides a platform for communication amongst devices that further allows the physical devices to stay connected whilst providing higher transparency and lesser inefficiencies.
- Elimination of human-intervention: Since the devices are connected and controlled digitally it, therefore, uses a large amount of automation and control in the process. The elimination of human intervention speeds up the process and produces timely outputs.
- Monitoring: IoT greatly helps in saving time and money. Moreover, the early monitoring of any expiration of products leads to improved safety.
- Reduced Waste: Since IoT provides the real-world information it therefore clearly shows various areas for improvement. This real-world information helps in effective management of resources.
Today most of the renowned companies, like IBM, Google, Intel, Microsoft, and CISCO are making full use of this technology in their operations. Let us now understand the Architecture of IoT. It consists of 4 major layers:
- Sensors and actuators: This layer carries all the sensors and actuators that provide the ability to accept emit and process signals. Sensors collect data from the environment and make it useful whereas the actuators change the physical condition that generates the data.
- Internet getaways and Data Acquisition Systems: The data collected is in analog form and needs to be converted into digital form for the processing part. Data Acquisition Systems helps in the conversion process. When the conversion is complete the internet gateway receives digitized data and directs it over to the Wi-Fi, wired LANs, or the Internet. The conversion process becomes really important for the further process. The analog data generates large volumes of data quickly and structural characteristics and specific timing require specialized software to process therefore it is better to convert it before stage 3.
- Edge IT: Even after being converted in layer two, the data still requires more processing to enter the data center. The edge IT performs more analysis on the data. Edge IT surely lessen the burden of core IT infrastructure in a huge way.
- Data center and the cloud: More in-depth analysis is performed at physical data centers or cloud-based systems where powerful IT systems can manage, analyze, and store the data. This is the data that does not require immediate feedback.
In today’s day and age, every sector is making full use of IoT. Mentioned below are some of the applications that greatly help in analyzing and processing the situation:
- Education Application
- Government Application
- Industrial Application
- Healthcare Application
- Agricultural Application
- Advertising Application
- Transportation Application
Candidates can learn every aspect of IoT by taking IoT training in Delhi and help in making the world a smarter place.